Despite Economic Uncertainty, Healthcare REITs Raise $22.5 Billion in 18 Months
Third party and institutional investor interest is booming in healthcare real estate, a property sector that has only marginal penetration by real estate investors in spite of the scale of sector.
The estimated value of all healthcare real estate assets in the United States including all forms of healthcare real estate including hospitals, outpatient facilities and senior housing totals $700 billion, with public Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) holding approximately 15 percent of the product in the market.
This investment includes medical office, hospitals, assisted living and skilled nursing. While REITs continue to aggressively acquire healthcare assets, a swell of new investors are maneuvering to purchase healthcare real estate.
According to the Healthcare Capital Markets group at Jones Lang LaSalle, the surge in healthcare real estate appeal comes with good reason. The continued strong performance of healthcare real estate, specifically medical office buildings, which has propelled the market capitalization of public healthcare Real Estate Investment Trust (HCREITS) to $50 billion as of June 30, 2011.
Public healthcare REITs represent 12 percent of the entire REIT market capitalization and are the single largest property type after retail, office and industrial and residential property, which together along with healthcare, comprise three-quarters of total REIT interest.REIT property Sector Equity Market Capitalization (June 30, 2011)
"Interest in healthcare real estate investment has grown over the last two years based on the superior performance of this asset class during the downturn," said Mindy Berman, managing director of capital markets in Jones Lang LaSalle's Healthcare Capital markets group. "The asset type has proven recession-resistant and we expect this asset class will continue to outpace all other product types as the strongest real estate sector if the economic malaise continues to plague the United States."
According to Berman, the stature of healthcare as an asset class will only increase as healthcare reform becomes clearer and as hospitals and healthcare systems undertake efforts to further solidify the strategic management of their properties.
"As demographics and reimbursement modes push for development of outpatient facilities, hospitals are increasingly looking for third party capital that brings investor sensibilities to the development and operation of facilities and help with regulatory compliance in relationships with affiliated physicians," she said.Rampant Capital Raises
A mass of capital has been raised as public healthcare REITs raised a total of $17.4 billion in equity and debt capital in the 18 months ending June 30, 2011. Non-listed healthcare REITs raised an additional $5.1 billion of capital during the same 18 months for a total of $22.5 billion for healthcare REITs.
"This is a disproportionate share of capital raised by healthcare REITs, as compared with non-healthcare REITS, added Joe Euphrat, Managing Director of Jones Lang LaSalle. "This reflects both a combination of the attractiveness of performance of health care real estate and prospective capital requirements that healthcare systems face."The New Buyer Complexion
Euphrat noted that Jones Lang LaSalle has been contacted by REIT management companies, asset managers and developers with interest in starting dedicated healthcare real estate investment vehicles and from private equity looking to acquire healthcare assets.
"While the REITs and certain institutional investors were the dominant purchaser of quality healthcare real estate in the past several years, a number of traditional real estate investors and new capital sources seek to diversify their holdings with a greater percentage of healthcare assets," he said.
Jones Lang LaSalle reports the top investors in medical properties year to date were the non-listed REITs. The three major REITS - Grubb & Ellis Healthcare REIT II with 29 properties; Healthcare Trust of America with 23 properties and American Realty Capital Healthcare Trust acquired over $500 million of properties in 2011, nearly 30% of the total $1.8 billion in medical office acquisitions. The three REITs acquired 55 properties - more than a third of all medical office assets trading hands during the period. The most price competitive healthcare investors - public REITs and institutional investors - were faced with a dearth of the highest quality product as on campus medical office in core locations were rarely available from hospital sellers or the small number of investor owners.
"The medical office buildings assets traded this year have been primarily on or off campus in secondary markets where non-listed REITs can gain their return requirements and still enjoy good hospital sponsorship," added Euphrat. "Today, we're seeing more core assets come to market from healthcare real estate investors who are taking advantage of competitive pricing for the asset class. Currently, there is a lot of capital chasing this product type."The Payback in Healthcare Performance
In addition to the strong position in market capitalization and growing market share, HCREITS also are the top income producing property type amongst REITs, producing current average dividend yields of 5.3 percent. In comparison, industrial, office and apartment REITS produced yields of 3.8, 3.1 and 3.1 percent, respectively.
"Healthcare real estate is one of the fastest growing investment sectors, and a preferred choice of savvy investors," Berman said. "While no asset class can be considered recession proof, healthcare property might be recession 'resistant' and is the preferred class today."