According to CoStar Group, Â£67.5 billion was invested in UK commercial real estate in 2015, a five per cent decrease on the record of Â£70.7 billion invested in 2014. As reported by CoStar, 2015 turns out to be the second strongest year on record for UK property investment, and 46 per cent above the 10-year average.
Yet momentum slowed sharply in the second half of 2015 with investment down 19 per cent from the previous year. This reflects the fact that investment activity has been especially strong over the previous 18 months and new opportunities are harder to find, but also increasing global economic and political uncertainty is impacting investment decisions.
CoStar Group UK Market Highlights Include:
Â£67.5bn invested in real estate in 2015, down 5% y-o-y
Signs of slowdown as H2 investment down 19% from 2014
Still second strongest year ever and 46% above the 10-year average
Record Â£27.8bn of foreign investment
Far East investment rises sharply but Middle East investors shy away
'Big Six' regional cities investment hits Â£3.2bn but London volumes fell
Nevertheless, 2015 was a great year for the UK's Big Six regional cities. Office investment increased 16 per cent to Â£3.2 billion, which is the highest level since the recession and more than double the eight-year average. Foreign investors seeking standing assets and development opportunities underpinned much of this investment.
Foreign investment into the UK totaled a record Â£27.8 billion in 2015 a six per cent increase on 2014's Â£26.2 billion. International capital accounted for 45 per cent of the total volume of transactions, with investment into the UK being spearheaded by the US with a total of Â£11 billion. Investment into UK commercial real estate from the Middle East dropped dramatically by 62 per cent to Â£1.6 billion, the lowest level since 2012, largely attributed to the collapse in oil prices and the political uncertainty in the region. In contrast, Far Eastern investment increased by 62 per cent in 2015 to Â£6.4 billion as investors from Singapore and Hong Kong in particular flocked to the relative safe haven of the UK.
Richard Yorke, Director of Market Analytics at CoStar said, "Despite it being a record year for international capital investing in UK commercial property, we have started to see signs that the market is slowing down. Total investment in the second half of 2015 was down 19 per cent compared to the second half of 2014 and with 2016 beginning with stock market volatility, heightened worries about China's economy, falling oil and other commodity prices, and uncertainty about the UK's place in the European Union, the commercial property gold rush might be over."
Mark Stansfield, Senior Real Estate Analyst at CoStar also commented, "The Big Six regional cities are attracting more and more attention, suggesting that investors have the money to spend and are seeing value outside of Central London. The political will behind the Northern Powerhouse has given the regions an additional shot in the arm as Â£3.2 billion, a rise of 16 per cent year on year, has been invested in the 'Big Six' office market in the last 12 months."
Demand for alternative assets such as hotels and students accommodation rose strongly in 2015. A sum of Â£5.5 billion was spent on hotels in 2015, a 47 per cent increase on 2014 making it the strongest year ever. In addition, Â£4.3 billion was invested in student accommodation, more than double the level invested in 2014 and the strongest year on record. In terms of sector, offices dominated with Â£29.5 billion spent although this was a five percent drop from 2014. Overall, the three main property types; offices, retail, and industrial all experienced lower volumes, with the proportion of investment going into the retail sector well down on the eight-year average.
The largest deals of 2015 were led by portfolio deals which included Canada Pension Plan Investment Board's Â£1.1 billion acquisition of student accommodation run by Liberty Living; Lone Star's Â£1 billion purchase of the Project Laser portfolio from Moorfield Group and Apollo Global Asset Management's Â£951 million acquisition of LRG's hotel portfolio. Noteworthy foreign deals outside of London included Singaporean REIT Mapletree Investments's Â£360 million triple-swoop on three prime office buildings in Aberdeen, Bristol and Manchester, AEW Europe's Â£325 million purchase of the Bath Road campus in Slough, and Mauritian-based New Frontier Properties' Â£189 million acquisition of two shopping centers in Burton upon Trent and Middlesbrough.
On a region-by-region basis outside London, the South East and North West were the biggest recipients of foreign inflow with Â£1.4 billion and Â£0.8 billion invested respectively, with foreign investment in both regions trebling year on year. In terms of overall volumes, the North East experienced the biggest annual increase (32 per cent), with Wales up by 20 per cent. In contrast, investment into Scotland fell by 41 per cent.
Richard Yorke continued, "2015 has been an exciting year for UK commercial property investment. Yields have come in sharply making property increasingly expensive and difficult for investors to find value, especially in London where several key deals fell out of bed resulting in lower investment levels.
"In addition, the increasing global economic headwinds will impact investment, especially that originating from oil and commodity exporting nations. However, as the data shows, the UK still remains a highly attractive place for commercial property investment. Its scale and liquidity is hard to match. Although 2016 is likely to be a more challenging year, sophisticated investors will continue to seek and acquire new opportunities in the Big Six and other cities."