San Francisco Remains Top Dog for Tech Talent Job Growth
According to CBRE's annual Scoring Tech Talent report, North American tech-talent employment weathered the pandemic better than most other professions due to demand for tech to facilitate continued remote work, robust e-commerce growth and streaming services. This resilience is setting the stage for strong tech job growth amid the economic recovery across established tech capitals like the San Francisco Bay Area, Seattle and Toronto and emerging hubs such as Dayton, Huntsville and Colorado Springs.
The report, now in its ninth year, ranks the top 50 North American markets by analyzing 13 measures of their ability to attract and develop tech talent, including tech graduation rates, tech-job concentration, tech labor pool size, labor and real estate costs, and for the first time, diversity ratios.
CBRE also ranks the Next 25 emerging tech markets on a narrower set of criteria. Tech talent is defined as 20 key tech professions -- such as software engineers and systems and data managers - across all industries.
Tech occupations registered job growth of 0.8 percent in 2020 in the U.S. while non-tech occupations declined by 5.5 percent. Software engineers were the most in demand tech-job category last year, adding 85,000 U.S. jobs for a 4.8 percent growth rate from a year earlier. Beyond the tech industry itself, those that added tech workers last year include financial activities, professional & business services, and government.
"Many factors already are in place to fuel strong tech-talent job growth this year and beyond coming out of the pandemic," said Todd Husak, Managing Director of CBRE's Tech & Media Practice Group. "Big tech markets will gain from their established pipelines of tech graduates and many workers' return to city centers. Smaller markets will reap benefits from their cost advantages in labor and real estate as well as the tech industry's embrace of remote work for certain employees."
Demographics & Diversity
The report examines each market's performance across numerous demographic metrics including tech-degree completions (New York led with 20,576 in 2019), millennial population change (Seattle leads the large markets in percentage growth since 2014), tech labor concentration (Ottawa prevails with 11.6% of its job base in tech-talent professions) and net gain or loss of tech talent since 2015 (Toronto led with a gain of 54,862), among other measures.
CBRE added a new feature to this year's report in analyzing the diversity of tech workforces and identifying underrepresented populations to pursue and develop. Overall, U.S. tech talent professions are predominantly White, Asian and male. Conversely, Hispanics, Blacks and women are underrepresented in tech talent ranks. CBRE found the most diverse tech-talent labor pools for underrepresented races and ethnicities compared with their local geographies are in Pittsburgh, Charlotte, Nashville, Atlanta and Rochester, N.Y. The most diverse tech-talent markets for women are Washington, D.C., Sacramento, Kansas City, Boston and Hartford.
"Progress continues to be slow in improving diversity within tech labor pools," said Colin Yasukochi, Executive Director of CBRE's Tech Insights Center and author of the Tech Talent report. "Increased hiring for purely remote jobs stands to help employers broaden their recruitment of tech talent to include more diverse populations in new markets."
In the overall Top 50 rankings for tech talent, the San Francisco Bay Area held onto the No. 1 ranking for the ninth consecutive year, followed by Seattle at No. 2 and Washington, D.C., at No. 3 in a swap of their year-earlier spots. Rounding out the top 5 this year are Toronto and the New York City metro area, respectively. The biggest climber in this year's rankings is Greater Los Angeles/Orange County (No. 9), which rose by eight spots due to strong tech talent workforce growth. Detroit (No. 25) and Calgary (No. 28) each rose by six spots due to incremental scoring gains related to gains in tech-degree graduates and projected tech job growth.
CBRE ranks its Next 25 up-and-coming markets based on a narrower range of nine metrics. Many of the Next 25 are concentrated in the Midwest and South. These markets could see additional tech-talent hiring as companies adopt fully remote work for some professions. To wit, 12 percent of job postings from tech employers in the 12 months ended in February allowed for remote-work arrangements, up from 5 percent in the previous year, according to labor-analytics firm EMSI.
Real Estate Considerations
CBRE examined real estate costs and wages across markets to identify the most affordable, most expensive and the best bargains for cost vs. labor quality. The most expensive market in the top 50 for a 500-person tech company leasing 75,000 sq. ft. is the San Francisco Bay Area at nearly $69 million a year in combined labor and real estate costs. The least expensive in the top 50 is the Waterloo region in Ontario, Canada, at $31.4 million a year.
For office asking rents, the most expensive market in the top 50 is New York at $77.25 per sq. ft. per year. The least expensive: Cleveland at $18.70. Just as telling for tech employers is the ratio of a market's average annual apartment rent as a percentage of its average tech wage. New York (26.3 percent) and Los Angeles/Orange County (24.2 percent) are most expensive while Quebec City (12.3 percent) and Cleveland (12.7 percent) are the least.