According to London-based real estate consulting firm Knight Frank, the value of prime property in the world's key cities fell by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2012. This represents the index's first quarterly fall since the depths of the global recession.
Global Markets Residential Price Index Results for Q1 2012:
The index recorded its first quarterly fall since 2009 with prices falling on average by 0.4% in Q1 2012.
Overall, the index rose 1.4% in the 12 months to March 2012.
Prime markets in North America performed strongly, prices increased by 7.7% on average in the last 12 months.
Nairobi (up 24%) was the strongest performer in the last 12 months.
Prices in Dubai (up 4%) rose the most in the last 3 months.
Although a milestone, the index's negative quarterly growth is not surprising. Quarterly price growth has been below 2% since Q1 2010 and it averaged only 0.6% in 2011.
The first three months of 2012 brought with it little new momentum. The Eurozone debt crisis remained at the forefront of the global economic agenda, several critical elections were on the horizon (Russia, France, Greece) and Asia's highly-effective cooling measures showed no sign of being relaxed. Against this backdrop some luxury buyers took to the side-lines to observe their market's trajectory.
Despite the overall index's sluggish performance four prime markets achieved double-digit growth over a 12-month period; Nairobi, Jakarta, Miami and London. Perhaps most surprisingly is the fact that the top five performing cities were spread across four continents - North America to be the only continent to appear twice.
London and Singapore are proof that there is still a level of resilience in the prime markets with both cities shrugging off the introduction of new stamp duties in the first quarter of 2012. In London both prices and applicant numbers increased despite the stamp duty rise to 7% for individuals buying homes over £2m.
In Singapore the new 10% stamp duty for foreign buyers, which was introduced in December 2011, dented demand but not prices according to Nicholas Holt, Knight Frank's Asia-Pacific Research Director. Nicholas comments, "Prices not only held up but actually increased slightly at the very top end of the Singapore market in Q1 2012. This was not only due to fairly resilient domestic demand, but also due to wealthy Chinese, Indonesian and Indian buyers who continued to buy in this segment of the market undeterred by the surtax."
Knight Frank's view is that the overall index will remain subdued in 2012 fluctuating between marginal price falls and rises (with London, Moscow, Jakarta, Nairobi and Singapore expected to be the strongest performers) but it seems unlikely we are on the cusp of a new deflationary cycle in luxury global house prices.
The safe-haven argument still resonates. Capital flight will continue to focus on cities with low political risk, transparent legal systems, good security and ideally those with an HNWI-friendly tax regime.
"Despite the overall index's sluggish performance four prime markets achieved double digit growth over a 12-month period", said Kate Everett-Allen, head of international residential research of Knight Frank.